Outmigration is not new in rural Nepal, but recently villages have seen all their working men leave their families for years on end. “The dilemma” explores outmigration, feminisation and land management in mountainous rural villages in western Nepal.
Filmed in late 2014, the documentary shows how outmigration affects the migrants as well as their mothers, wives and children and what are its impacts on village life, agriculture and the environment.
The film is based on the Swiss Network for International Studies (SNIS) funded project “Sustainable Land Management in Mountain Regions of Bolivia and Nepal in the Context of Outmigration, Climate Change and Disaster Risk Reduction” (University of Lausanne; Centre for Development and Environment, University of Bern).
35 min, in Nepalese with English subtitles.
Helena Ziherl holds a Master degree in International History and Politics, obtained at the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva. She is the Programme Manager for the Swiss Network for International Studies, where she is responsible for the day-to-day management of research projects and the content of various SNIS produced short films. Helena has worked and travelled extensively, including volunteering in an orphanage in Guatemala during her world tour in 2010, and working closely with NGOs in Southeastern Europe.
She was the co-director of Rubber in a Rice Bowl – a documentary about large-scale land acquisition in Cambodia and the impact of the rubber boom on the local population – and 6 short films related to Food consumption dynamics among the urban middle classes in Bangalore and Metro Manila.
Reto Steffen studied at the Geneva University of Music where he obtained a Master of Arts in music theory. He is the IT & Multimedia Manager for the Swiss Network for International Studies where he has produced various short films about SNIS funded projects and awards.
He was the co-director of Rubber in a Rice Bowl – a documentary about large-scale land acquisition in Cambodia and the impact of the rubber boom on the local population – and 6 short films related to Food consumption dynamics among the urban middle classes in Bangalore and Metro Manila.
Stéphanie Jaquet holds a PhD in Geography and Sustainable Development that she obtained at the Centre for Development and Environment (CDE), University of Bern. She holds a Master Degree in Monitoring, Analysis and Representation of Natural Hazards that she obtained at the Faculty of Geoscience and Environment, University of Lausanne. The movie looks at some results related to her research (which was funded by the SNIS and CDE) which is about the impacts of outmigration on land management in the hills of Nepal. She is currently a research scientist in the Lao country office of the CDE in Vientiane, Lao PDR. Currently she is working on several projects related to geo information system, land management, feminization, agricultural transition and employment.
A film by Helena Ziherl, Reto Steffen & Stéphanie Jaquet
|Editors||Helena Ziherl, Reto Steffen|
|On-location assistance||Amit Poudyal
|Site design||Reto Steffen|
Special thanks to
Dil Bahadur Singh
Chandra Kumar Gurung
Lok Bahadur Gurung
Goman Singh Gurung
Tum Bahadur Gurung
Mina Kuwar Chettri
Raj Kumari Gurung
Badam Kumari Gurung
Rajendra Khanal, Program Coordinator, IUCN Nepal
Dr. Anita Ghimire, Migration Specialist, Independant
Dr. Soumyadeep Banerjee, Migration and Population Specialist, ICIMOD, Nepal
Dil Bahadur Bhattarai, Machhapuchhre Development Organization, Nepal
Sanjay Devkota, FEED LTD, Nepal
Bishnu Bahadur Thapa Manpower